Blood thinners are medicine to make your blood more fluid. Usually, this kind of medicine is given for heart disease sufferer, including irregular heart rhythms and heart valve disease. Blood thinners list is usually given once your heart is diagnosed. Here is what you need to know about the blood thinners.
A basic definition of blood thinner
A blood thinner is a medicine to prevent blood clots. The clots are dangerous because they can affect the blood flow in your body and the heart. Knowing how medicine work allows you to have a clear understanding of it and using it properly.
The blood thinners are medications usually taken from the mouth or they can be injected through your veins to prevent a blood clot. As mentioned before, blood clots are dangerous because they can stop the blood flow to your brain, hear, and other important organs in your body. In most cases, people who suffer from a heart attack or stroke usually has a lot of blood clots in their bloodstream. The amount of blood thinner you take should be sufficient. If you take it fewer than the suggested dosage, then the effectivity will be decreased. If you take it too much, then medicine can cause severe bleeding.
How does the blood thinner works
There are two common types of blood thinner. The first is a blood thinner that will keep the blood cells from sticking in the arteries and veins. The other one is to delay the time of blood clot creation. In medical terms, the two medications are known as antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs.
The example of antiplatelet drugs is Aspirin, Plavix, Persantine, and Ticlid. These medicines will keep the blood to form clots or clumping together. The other medicine is anticoagulant which is usually prescribed to people with heart disease. The anticoagulant will delay the time of blood clot creation. The common anticoagulants are Coumadin, Jantoven, Lovenox, and Heparin. As time goes on, there are more anticoagulants with less bleeding risk such as Pradaxa, Eliquis, and Xarelto.
The dosage of the medications will be strictly maintained by your heart specialist. For some medications, you might have to run a prothrombin time (PT) tests. The test is required to determine your INR or International Normalized Ratio. The INR is an indicator of how much the blood of a person creates blood clots. The blood thinners list of medication will keep the INR at the safe level.